Bon Hospital > Spine Disease > Back Disease
- Back Disease
Back pain is not a 'disease'.
Lumbar pain is not a disease but a 'symptom'.
Most of the time, it is a 'simple backache'
that can be prevented through proper posture and strength training.
But, if you feel backache from 'spinal arthralgia' like herniated discs or joint problems,
or you have a hard time moving your body or certain parts of the body show sensory issues,
you must receive appropriate treatment from a hospital, including exercise, medication,
injections, and others.
- 1Herniated lumbar disc (herniated intervertebral disc)
The intervertebral, which is commonly called a disc, is a cartilage tissue
that works as a cushion between the spinal bones.
In the middle of the disc, there is a protein material called the 'nucleus pulposus'
and this is also wrapped around with a membrane called the annulus fibrosus.
- 2Causes of herniated lumbar disc
- 1) Straining the back from heavy lifting
- 2) Straining the neck and lower back from incorrect life habits
- 3) Straining during coughing or bowel movement or when there is a sudden rise of stomach pressure
- 3Symptoms of herniated lumbar disc
- 1) Feeling lower back pain after sitting for a long time.
- 2) Feelings of numbness or tightness in the thighs, calves, and ends of feet.
- 3) Pain when lowering your head to wash your hair.
- 4) Difficulties trying to put on socks.
- Self-diagnosis for herniated lumbar disc
Laying down with your knees straight and lifting up your legs one by one,
and feeling a tightness in the legs, feeling pain in the lower back
and legs when lowering the upper body in a standing position,
the more you cannot lift up items, the more likely you have severe herniated disc symptoms.
- Herniated lumbar disc treatment
Herniated lumbar disc treatment is decided after considering many factors, including x-ray, CT,
and MRI results and patient symptoms.
Severe cases may need a surgical treatment,
but non-surgical treatments can be used for mild cases.
Surgical treatments include artificial disc replacement
and minimal incision surgery and osteosynthesis using fine microscopes
and endoscopy. Non-surgical treatments include medication,
injections, physical therapy, exercise, and rest.